Settlements > Epirote Settlements

Epirote Settlements

Background

Epirote settlements were cities and towns located in the historical region of Epirus, situated in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula, primarily in modern-day Greece and Albania. Epirus was inhabited by various tribes and ethnic groups, including the ancient Greek tribes of the Molossians, Chaonians, and Thesprotians.

These settlements were integral to the history, culture, and politics of Epirus, contributing to its significance in the ancient Mediterranean world. They played key roles in trade, diplomacy, and military affairs, leaving a lasting legacy on the region's heritage.

Here are some notable Epirote settlements:

Passaron (Passarön): Passaron was an ancient city located in the Molossian region of Epirus, near modern-day Ioannina in Greece. It was known for its strategic location and served as a major center of the Molossian kingdom. Passaron was mentioned by ancient writers such as Polybius and Strabo.

Dodona: Dodona was an ancient Greek sanctuary located in the region of Thesprotia in northwestern Greece. It was renowned as one of the oldest and most important oracles in ancient Greece, dedicated to the worship of Zeus and Dione. Dodona served as a religious and cultural center, attracting pilgrims and visitors from across the Greek world.

Ambracia (Amvrakia): Ambracia was an ancient city located in the Ambracian Gulf region of Epirus, near modern-day Arta in Greece. It was founded by Corinthian colonists in the 7th century BCE and became a significant political and cultural center. Ambracia was known for its impressive fortifications, temples, and theaters.

Phoenice: Phoenice was an ancient city located in the Molossian region of Epirus, near modern-day Sarandë in Albania. It served as a key port and trading center in antiquity, connecting Epirus with other Mediterranean regions. Phoenice was inhabited by both Greek and Illyrian populations and played a role in the conflicts between the Greek city-states and the Illyrian tribes.

Nicopolis (Nikopolis): Nicopolis was a city founded by the Roman Emperor Augustus in 31 BCE to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Actium. It was located near the site of ancient Actium, in the region of Epirus. Nicopolis became an important Roman administrative center and served as a hub for trade and commerce in the Adriatic region.

Antigonia (Antigoneia): Antigonia was a city founded by King Pyrrhus of Epirus in honor of his wife Antigone. It was located near the modern village of Sarantaporo in Greece. Antigonia served as a military stronghold and administrative center during the reign of Pyrrhus.

Antigonia (Chaonia)

See Antigonia (Chaonia)

Berenike (Epirus)

See Berenike (Epirus)

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

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