Settlements > Aretas IV Philopatris

Aretas IV Philopatris


Aretas IV Philopatris

Early Life and Ascension

Aretas IV Philopatris, also known as Aretas IV, was the King of the Nabataean Kingdom from 9 BC to AD 40. His reign marked a period of prosperity and cultural flourishing for the Nabataeans. He ascended to the throne following the death of his predecessor, Obodas III. His epithet "Philopatris" means "lover of his country," reflecting his dedication to the welfare and advancement of his kingdom.

Reign and Achievements

Economic Prosperity

Under Aretas IV, the Nabataean Kingdom reached the peak of its prosperity. Petra, the capital, became a bustling center of commerce and trade, strategically located along the trade routes connecting Arabia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean. The Nabataeans were renowned for their skills in hydraulic engineering, agriculture, and architecture, all of which flourished during Aretas's reign.

Architectural and Cultural Developments

Political and Military Affairs

Relations with Rome

Aretas IV navigated the complex political landscape of the time, maintaining a delicate balance between independence and cooperation with the Roman Empire.

Domestic Affairs

Death and Succession

Aretas IV died in AD 40, leaving a legacy of prosperity and cultural achievement. He was succeeded by his son, Malichus II. The stability and wealth that Aretas IV brought to the Nabataean Kingdom allowed it to continue thriving for several decades after his death, until the kingdom was eventually annexed by the Roman Empire in AD 106.


Aretas IV Philopatris is remembered as one of the most successful and influential rulers of the Nabataean Kingdom. His reign marked a golden age of economic prosperity, architectural brilliance, and cultural synthesis. By skillfully navigating the political dynamics of his time and fostering the growth of his kingdom, Aretas IV left an enduring legacy that is still visible in the magnificent ruins of Petra today.


Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo