Settlements > Argead Settlements

Argead Settlements


The Argead colonies in Macedonia refer to settlements established by the Argead dynasty, which was the ruling royal house of Macedonia. The most famous member of this dynasty was Alexander the Great. While the Argeads are renowned for their military conquests and expansion of the Macedonian Empire, they also engaged in the establishment of colonies within Macedonia itself. These colonies served various purposes, including economic development, strategic control, and cultural diffusion. However, specific information about these colonies is limited. Here is a general overview:

Pella: Pella was the capital of ancient Macedonia and an important center of power for the Argead kings. It served as the administrative, economic, and cultural hub of the kingdom. While Pella was not founded by the Argeads, it became increasingly significant under their rule, with King Archelaus transforming it into a magnificent city with impressive architecture and infrastructure.

Aegae (Vergina): Aegae, also known as Vergina, was another significant city in ancient Macedonia. It served as the religious center of the kingdom and was the traditional burial site of the Macedonian kings, including members of the Argead dynasty. The royal tombs discovered at Vergina contain rich archaeological treasures, providing valuable insights into Macedonian royal culture.

Amphipolis: Amphipolis was a strategically important city founded by the Athenians but later conquered and settled by the Macedonians. It served as a key military outpost and economic center, controlling access to the gold and silver mines of the region. Amphipolis played a crucial role in the campaigns of Alexander the Great and continued to be a significant city during the Hellenistic period.

Philippi: Philippi was originally founded by King Philip II of Macedonia, the father of Alexander the Great, and named after himself. It was strategically located near the border with Thrace and served as a military stronghold and economic center. Philippi became famous for the battle fought there in 42 BCE between the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian against those of Julius Caesar's assassins, Brutus and Cassius.

These are some of the most prominent settlements associated with the Argead dynasty in Macedonia. While there were likely other colonies and settlements established by the Argeads, the historical record provides more detailed information about these key cities.

Creating a comprehensive table of known settlements from the Argead Kingdom, including their latitude, longitude, year founded, and population, involves synthesizing historical records. The Argead dynasty, most famously represented by Alexander the Great, ruled over Macedonia and expanded its influence throughout Greece and beyond. Here is a table with available information on some notable Argead settlements:

SettlementLatitudeLongitudeYear FoundedPopulation (Approx.)
Aigai (Vergina)40.487022.3180c. 7th century BCEUnknown
Pella40.758022.5242c. 399 BCEUnknown
Amphipolis40.838923.8542437 BCEUnknown
Thessalonica40.640122.9444315 BCEUnknown
Edessa40.800022.0500c. 9th century BCEUnknown
Cassandreia40.210023.3167316 BCEUnknown
Philippi41.015024.2861356 BCEUnknown
Heraclea Lyncestis41.096021.4270c. 4th century BCEUnknown
Potidaea40.190323.3309c. 600 BCEUnknown
Olynthus40.300023.3500c. 7th century BCEUnknown
Dion40.172122.4863c. 5th century BCEUnknown


  1. Aigai (Vergina): The first capital of Macedonia, known for the royal tombs and archaeological significance.
  2. Pella: The capital of Macedonia during the reign of Philip II and Alexander the Great, known for its grand palace and urban planning.
  3. Amphipolis: Founded by the Athenians and later became an important city under Macedonian rule, especially for its strategic location.
  4. Thessalonica: Founded by Cassander and named after his wife, became a major city in Macedonia and later under Roman rule.
  5. Edessa: An ancient city with significant historical and strategic importance.
  6. Cassandreia: Founded by Cassander on the site of the older city of Potidaea, became a significant urban center.
  7. Philippi: Founded by Philip II, became famous for the Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE.
  8. Heraclea Lyncestis: An important city in Upper Macedonia, known for its strategic location.
  9. Potidaea: A significant city in the Chalcidice peninsula, involved in various conflicts in ancient Greece.
  10. Olynthus: An ancient city in Chalcidice, known for its well-planned grid layout and destruction by Philip II.
  11. Dion: A religious center at the foot of Mount Olympus, dedicated to Zeus and significant in Macedonian culture and religion.

These settlements played crucial roles in the administration, culture, and military campaigns of the Argead Kingdom. Exact population figures are generally unavailable due to the ancient context, but these cities were major centers of activity and influence in their time.


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