Alexander's Campaign > Battle of Mount Haemus
Battle of Mount Haemus
Battle of Mount Haemus
Part of the Balkan Campaign
Pannonia & Illyria - Abraham Ortelius (1608)
Date: Spring, 335 BC
Location: Haemus Mons
Coordinates: 42.7000°N 25.0000°E
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|Alexander the Great
Aftermath: Macedonian victory
Next Battle: Siege of Pelium
Previous Battle: N/A
The Battle of Mount Haemus was a battle during the Balkan Campaign of Alexander III the Great against Thrace. Prior to crossing into Asia Minor to begin his Persian campaign, Alexander wanted to fortify the northern borders of Macedon and quash the rebellions occurring in Thrace by the Illyrians and the Triballi. The Macedonians were joined in this engagement by the Agrianes who were a Thracian tribe under the military command of Langarus.
As the Macedonian military and their Thracian allies marched into the Haemus Mons they soon encountered another Thracian garrison that was guarding the heights. The garrison had collected a number of carts and wagons that they intended to launch upon the passing army.
In response to this, Alexander ordered his heavy infantry to march in loose formation and when the carts were unleashed they were to lay flat on the ground with their shields covering them. The Macedonian archers were ordered to open fire and eventually the infantry reached the top of the mountain and forced the Thracians into a hasty retreat.
However, as all of this was going on the massive Triballian army led by king Syrmus approached the Macedonian army from behind. Eventually Alexander's light infantry drew out the Triballians after they retreated into a gorge and crushed them on the open ground. The eventual death toll for this encounter was over 3,000 dead.
Following this Alexander and the Macedonians marched up the Danube River where they encountered the Getae tribe who had amassed on the opposite shore. The Macedonian navy had failed to successfully enter the Danube so instead Alexander and the army decided to make boats out of leather tents instead. Leading a force of 4,000 infantry and 1,500 cavalry over the river, the Getae outnumbered the Macedonians with around 14,000 soldiers.
However, numbers did not matter for the Macedonian army and the Getae retreated after the first cavalry engagement, forfeiting their town to Alexander. Following this, Alexander and his army would move to siege the city of Pelium and finalize his conquest and hegemony over the Thracian and Illyrian tribes that resided on the northern borders of Macedon.
+ Balkan Battles
+ Persian Battles
- Battle of the Granicus (334 BC)
- Siege of Miletus (334 BC)
- Siege of Halicarnassus (334 BC)
- Battle of Issus (333 BC)
- Siege of Tyre (332 BC)
- Siege of Gaza (332 BC)
- Battle of Guagamela (331 BC)
- Battle of the Uxian Defile (331 BC)
- Battle of the Persian Gate (330 BC)
- Siege of Cyropolis (329 BC)
- Battle of Jaxartes (329 BC)
- Battle of Gabai (328 BC)
- Siege of Sogdian Rock (327 BC)