Structures > Caesareum of Alexandria

Caesareum of Alexandria

Background

CaesareumGeneral informationStatusDestroyedTypeBuilt as a temple; converted to a Christian church (late-4th century)Town or cityAlexandriaCountryEgyptCompleted1st century BCRenovated4th century (converted to Christian church)Destroyed19th centuryClient • Cleopatra VII (started) • Augustus (finished) The Caesareum of Alexandria is an ancient temple in Alexandria, Egypt. It was conceived by Cleopatra VII of the Ptolemaic dynasty, the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, to honour her dead lover Julius Caesar. The edifice was finished by Augustus, after he defeated Antony and Cleopatra. He destroyed all traces of Antony in Alexandria, and apparently dedicated the temple to his own cult.[1]Converted to a Christian church in the late 4th century, the Caesareum was the headquarters of Cyril of Alexandria, the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 444.[2]The philosopher and mathematician Hypatia was murdered at the Caesareum by a Christian mob in 415; they stripped her naked and tore her to pieces.[3]Elements of the temple survived until the 19th century. Cleopatra's Needles, obelisks from the temple, now stand in Central Park in New York City and on the Thames Embankment, in London;.[1][4]Today, a large statue of the Alexandrine nationalist leader Saad Zaghloul (1859–1927) stands on the Caesareum site.

Hellenistic Greece

Ptolemaic Structures

Seleucid Structures

Indo-Greek Structures

Babylonian Structures

Other

Sources

^ Jump up to: a b McKenzie, Judith (2007). The Architecture of Alexandria and Egypt, c. 300BC to AD 700, Volume 63. Yale University Press (via Google Books). p. 177.Jump up ^ Staff (2012). "The Caesarium of Alexandria – Scene of the Crime". cosmographica.com. Retrieved 23 February 2012.Jump up ^ Socrates Scholasticus. Ecclesiastical History, Bk VI: Chap. 15.Jump up ^ Ellis, Simon P. (1992). Graeco-Roman Egypt. Osprey Publishing. pp. 16–17.Coordinates: 31.2009°N 29.8994°E

Primary Sources

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