People > Berenice I
Berenice I (c. 340 - 279-268 BCE) was a Macedonian noblewoman and through her marriage to Ptolemy I Soter became the second queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom following Eurydice which was a Hellenistic kingdom based out of the former Achaemenid satrapy of Egypt. She was originally born in Eordeaea to the daughter of a local nobleman named Magas and his wife Antigone. Her maternal grandfather was a nobleman named Cassander who was the brother of Antipater who served as the regent to Alexander's empire.
Not much is known about her early life other than she originally married a local nobleman and military officer named Philip in 325 BCE. Philip had previously been married and had several other children. Berenice I and Philip would have two children together, King Magas of Cyrene and a daughter named Theoxena. Philip would die around 318 BCE and following this Berenice would travel around Egypt.
Berenice I would eventually marry Ptolemy I in 317 BCE who was one of the generals in the Macedonian army under Alexander III the Great. After the marriage Ptolemy and Berenice would have three children together; Ptolemy II Philadelphus and two daughters named Arsinoe II and Philotera.After the death of her first husband, Berenice travelled to Egypt with her children as a lady-in-waiting for her mother’s first cousin Eurydice who was the wife of Ptolemy I. Ptolemy I was one of the generals of King Alexander the Great and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Berenice caught the eye of Ptolemy I who married her in 317 BC. Berenice bore Ptolemy I: two daughters Arsinoe II, Philotera and a son Ptolemy II Philadelphus.
Ancient accounts state that Berenice was a competitor in the Olympiad where she was victorious in the chariot races. During his reign Ptolemy II would built a port on the Red Sea that he would name after his mother called Berenice Trogolodytica. Following her death both Ptolemy II and later Ptolemy IV Philopater would decree divine honors to her according to Theocritus, Idylls xv. and xvii.
|Ptolemy I||Soter||Savior||305-285 BCE||Berenice I||Reign|
|Ptolemy II||Philadelphus||Sister-loving||285-246 BCE||Arsinoe I||Reign|
|Ptolemy III||Euergetes I||The Benefactor||246-221 BCE||Berenice II||Reign|
|Ptolemy IV||Philopater||Father-loving||221-204 BCE||Arsinoe III||Reign|
|Ptolemy V||Epiphanes||The Illustrious||204-180 BCE||Reign|
|Ptolemy VI||Philometor||Mother-loving||180-145 BCE||Cleopatra I |
Cleopatra II & Ptolemy VIII
|180–176 BCE |
|Ptolemy VII||Neos Philopator||Father-loving||145 BCE||Cleopatra II||Reign|
|Ptolemy VIII||Euergetes II||The Benefactor||170–116 BCE||Cleopatra II||145–131/130 BCE|
|Cleopatra II||124–116 BCE|
|Ptolemy VIII||Euergetes II||The Benefactor||170–116 BCE||Cleopatra II||124–116 BCE|
|Ptolemy IX||Soter II||The Savior||116-107 BCE||Cleopatra III||107–101 BCE|
|Ptolemy X||Alexander I||107-88 BCE||Cleopatra III||107–101 BCE|
|Ptolemy IX||Soter II||The Savior||88-80 BCE|
|Ptolemy XI||Alexander II||80 BCE||Berenice III||80 BCE|
|Ptolemy XIII||Neos Dionysos/Auletes||New Dionysus/Flute Player||80–51 BCE||Berenice IV||58–55 BCE|
|Cleopatra VII||51-30 BCE||Reign|
|Ptolemy XIII Physcon||Dionysos||51-47 BCE||Reign|
|Ptolemy XIV||Philopator||Father-loving||47-44 BCE||Reign|
|Ptolemy XV||Caesarion||Little Caesar||44-30 BCE||Reign|