Ptolemaic Kings > Ptolemy IV Philopater

Ptolemy IV Philopater


Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ), also known as Ptolemy IV, was a ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt who reigned from 221 BC to 204 BC. His reign was marked by internal corruption, external military conflicts, and the beginning of the decline of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Here is a detailed overview of his life and reign:

Early Life and Ascension to the Throne

Reign and Key Events

Decline and Death


Ptolemy IV's reign is a complex period in the history of the Ptolemaic dynasty, marked by both significant military success and detrimental internal decline. His leadership, or lack thereof, set the stage for the challenges his successors would face as the Ptolemaic Kingdom continued to navigate the turbulent waters of Hellenistic geopolitics.


Polybius, XV 25.2. Cf. Zenobius, V 94.

Bevan, Edwyn (1927). The House of Ptolemy: a History of Egypt under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. London: Methuen. p. 233.

Deipnosophistae V 37.

Demetrius 43.4-5.

Hildegard Temporini (ed.) (1978). Politische Geschichte: (Provinzien und Randvölker: Mesopotamien, Armenien, Iran, Südarabien, Rom und der Ferne Osten)], Part 2, Volume 9. Walter de Gruyter. p. 977. ISBN 3110071754.

Clayton, Peter A. (2006). Chronicles of the Pharaohs: the reign-by-reign record of the rulers and dynasties of ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28628-0.

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.).

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