Ptolemaic Kings > Ptolemy X Alexander I

Ptolemy X Alexander I

Background

Ptolemy X Alexander I, known in Greek as Πτολεμαῖος Ἀλέξανδρος or Ptolemaĩos Aléxandros was the king of the Ptolemaic Kingdom based out of Egypt from 110 BCE to 109 BCE and then again from 107 BCE to 88 BCE. Ptolemy X Alexander I was born to Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III. In 110 BCE Ptolemy X controlled the Ptolemaic Kingdom along with his mother after she removed from rule his brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros. However, in 109 BCE he was in turn deposed by his brother for another two years before he was able to reclaim power again in 107 BCE.

He ruled again jointly with his mother until 101 BCE when he had her murdered and ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom alone or possibly with his niece and wife named Berenice III. When Ptolemy X Alexander I died in 88 BCE Ptolemy IX claimed the throne once again until his death. Following this Berenice III took over the kingdom for six months.

Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt

KingTitleMeaningReignWife/Co-RulerReign
Ptolemy ISoterSavior305-285 BCEBerenice IReign
Ptolemy IIPhiladelphusSister-loving285-246 BCEArsinoe IReign
Ptolemy IIIEuergetes IThe Benefactor246-221 BCEBerenice IIReign
Ptolemy IVPhilopaterFather-loving221-204 BCEArsinoe IIIReign
Ptolemy VEpiphanesThe Illustrious204-180 BCEReign
Ptolemy VIPhilometorMother-loving180-145 BCECleopatra I
Cleopatra II & Ptolemy VIII
Ptolemy Eupator
180–176 BCE
170–163 BCE
153–150 BCE
Ptolemy VIINeos PhilopatorFather-loving145 BCECleopatra IIReign
Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes IIThe Benefactor170–116 BCECleopatra II145–131/130 BCE
Cleopatra II124–116 BCE
Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes IIThe Benefactor170–116 BCECleopatra II124–116 BCE
Ptolemy IXSoter IIThe Savior116-107 BCECleopatra III107–101 BCE
Ptolemy XAlexander I107-88 BCECleopatra III107–101 BCE
Ptolemy IXSoter IIThe Savior88-80 BCE
Ptolemy XIAlexander II80 BCEBerenice III80 BCE
Ptolemy XIIINeos Dionysos/AuletesNew Dionysus/Flute Player80–51 BCEBerenice IV58–55 BCE
Cleopatra VII51-30 BCEReign
Ptolemy XIII PhysconDionysos51-47 BCEReign
Ptolemy XIVPhilopatorFather-loving47-44 BCEReign
Ptolemy XVCaesarionLittle Caesar44-30 BCEReign

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

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