Wars of the Diadochi > Battle of Thermopylae (323 BCE)

Battle of Thermopylae (323 BCE)

Alexander the Great - Dove Decoration

Background

The Battle of Thermopylae was fought in 323 BC between the Macedonians and a coalition of armies mostly from central Greece in the pass of Thermopylae during the Lamian War.After Antipater received news of the Greek revolt, he sent messengers to Craterus and Philotas who were in Asia with an army of over 10,000 soldiers, to come to his aid.[1] But receiving news of the progress of the rebellion and realizing that he couldn't wait for his reinforcements to arrive, he marched south to Thessaly with 13,000 foot soldiers and 600 horsemen,[1] while he left Sippas in command of Macedon. But the Thessalians who in the beginning supported Macedon changed sides to the Greek alliance and Leosthenes forces, occupying the passes of Thermopylae, significantly outnumbered the Macedonians. Antipater was defeated and since he could not retreat because the Greeks had more cavalry than him, he shut himself in the city of Lamia where he was besieged.[1]References[edit]^ Jump up to: a b c d Siculus, Diodorus. "12". Library. XVIII.323 BCLocationThermopylaeResultGreek victoryBelligerentsGreek confederacyMacedonCommanders and leadersLeosthenesAntipaterStrength13,000 infantry600 cavalry[1]

Lamian War

Sources

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