Wars of the Diadochi > Battle of Plataea (323 BC)

Battle of Plataea (323 BC)

Alexander the Great - Dove Decoration


The Battle of Plataea in 323 BC was a significant engagement between the forces of Alexander the Great and the Greek city-states of Athens and Thebes. This battle occurred during the Wars of the Diadochi, the power struggles that followed the death of Alexander and the fragmentation of his empire. fter the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, his vast empire was divided among his generals, known as the Diadochi, who vied for control over the territories. Athens and Thebes, seeking to assert their independence from Macedonian rule, revolted against the regent appointed by Alexander's successor, Perdiccas.

Macedonian Response:

Antipater, the regent of Macedon, led an expedition to suppress the revolts in Greece and restore Macedonian authority over the rebellious city-states. Antipater's army included Macedonian troops as well as contingents from allied Greek states loyal to the Macedonian cause.

The Battle:

The Battle of Plataea began when the Macedonian forces under Antipater clashed with the combined armies of Athens and Thebes near the city of Plataea in Boeotia. The battle involved infantry phalanxes, cavalry charges, and skirmishes between the opposing forces as they maneuvered for advantage on the battlefield. Despite putting up a determined resistance, the Greek city-states were unable to withstand the disciplined tactics and superior military strength of the Macedonian army.


The Battle of Plataea resulted in a decisive victory for the Macedonian forces under Antipater, who succeeded in crushing the Athenian and Theban resistance. The defeated Greek city-states were compelled to surrender and submit to Macedonian rule, ending their aspirations for independence and autonomy. The victory at Plataea secured Macedonian dominance over Greece and reaffirmed the authority of the Diadochi over the territories formerly controlled by Alexander the Great.


The Battle of Plataea marked the end of the Athenian and Theban revolts and brought an end to the period of unrest and instability in Greece following Alexander's death. The Macedonian victory at Plataea consolidated the power of Antipater and the Diadochi in the region, paving the way for the establishment of Macedonian hegemony over the Greek city-states. The defeat of Athens and Thebes at Plataea contributed to the decline of Greek autonomy and ushered in a new era of Macedonian influence in the affairs of Greece and the wider Hellenistic world. Overall, the Battle of Plataea in 323 BC was a pivotal event in the Wars of the Diadochi, shaping the political landscape of Greece and consolidating Macedonian control over the territories formerly ruled by Alexander the Great.

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