Ptolemaic Kings > Ptolemy XIV

Ptolemy XIV

Background

Ptolemy XIV (60/59–44 BCE), known in Greek as Πτολεμαῖος, Ptolemaĩos was the son of Ptolemy XII and one of the last rulers of the Ptolemaic Kingdom before its collapse and integration into the Roman Empire. Upon the death of Ptolemy XIII Physcon on 13 January, 47 BCE, Ptolemy XIV assumed the role of king of the Ptolemaic Kingdom alongside his wife and sister Cleopatra VII.

Despite being a proclaimed ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, many believe he held no real power and reigned in name only. Cleopatra VII is believed to have held all the power within the kingdom and also took Julius Caesar as a lover and had a son named Ptolemy XV with him. On 15 March of 44 BCE, Caesar was murdered in the Roman senate by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. Ptolemy XIV died soon after and it is believed that Cleopatra may have poisened him with aconite in order to allow her son with Ceaser to ascend to the throne.

The last inscription that states Ptolemy XIV was alive dates to 26 July, 44 BCE and by 2 September of the same year Ptolemy XV Caesarion was appointed her co-ruler so most scholars accept his death as some point during the summer of 44 BCE.

Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt

KingTitleMeaningReignWife/Co-RulerReign
Ptolemy ISoterSavior305-285 BCEBerenice IReign
Ptolemy IIPhiladelphusSister-loving285-246 BCEArsinoe IReign
Ptolemy IIIEuergetes IThe Benefactor246-221 BCEBerenice IIReign
Ptolemy IVPhilopaterFather-loving221-204 BCEArsinoe IIIReign
Ptolemy VEpiphanesThe Illustrious204-180 BCEReign
Ptolemy VIPhilometorMother-loving180-145 BCECleopatra I
Cleopatra II & Ptolemy VIII
Ptolemy Eupator
180–176 BCE
170–163 BCE
153–150 BCE
Ptolemy VIINeos PhilopatorFather-loving145 BCECleopatra IIReign
Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes IIThe Benefactor170–116 BCECleopatra II145–131/130 BCE
Cleopatra II124–116 BCE
Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes IIThe Benefactor170–116 BCECleopatra II124–116 BCE
Ptolemy IXSoter IIThe Savior116-107 BCECleopatra III107–101 BCE
Ptolemy XAlexander I107-88 BCECleopatra III107–101 BCE
Ptolemy IXSoter IIThe Savior88-80 BCE
Ptolemy XIAlexander II80 BCEBerenice III80 BCE
Ptolemy XIIINeos Dionysos/AuletesNew Dionysus/Flute Player80–51 BCEBerenice IV58–55 BCE
Cleopatra VII51-30 BCEReign
Ptolemy XIII PhysconDionysos51-47 BCEReign
Ptolemy XIVPhilopatorFather-loving47-44 BCEReign
Ptolemy XVCaesarionLittle Caesar44-30 BCEReign

Sources

Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. SmithPtolemy XIV of EgyptPtolemaic dynastyBorn: ca. 60 BC Died: 44 BCPreceded byCleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIIIPharaoh of Egypt47–44 BCwith Cleopatra VIISucceeded byCleopatra VII and Ptolemy XV Caesarion

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

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