Settlements > Alexandria Prophthasia

Alexandria Prophthasia

Alexander the Great - Dove Decoration

Background

Alexandria Prophthasia also known as Alexandria in Drangiana was one of the seventy-plus cities founded or renamed by Alexander the Great.[1]The town was founded by Alexander the Great during an intermediate stop between Herat, the location of another of Alexander's fortresses, and Kandahar.[2][3] and is mentioned by Strabo,[4] Pliny,[5] Ammianus Marcellinus,[6] Isidore of Charax[7] and Pseudo-Plutarch[8] Alexander the Great, arrived in Drangiana in November 330BC on his way to Kandahar, and found a well-organized province of the Achaemenid empire.[9][10] Alexander appointed a new satrap, Arsames, and renamed the capital city as Prophthasia, (Anticipation), because Alexander had here discovered a conspiracy against his life, organized by his companion Philotas.The Citadel of Alexander the Great in Farah, AfghanistanThe location of Prophthasia is currently unknown. Orthodox opinion is that Prophthasia was at Farah (also known as Phra)[11] and that the citadel of Farah holds the remains of his fortress. However, taking distances given in Pliny,[12] Eratosthenes and Strabo,[13] Tarn believes Farah is too close to the city of Herat and the city was actually at nearby Zaranj. Others feel it was located at Nād-e 'Alī.[14]Mercator Map (1578) plate IX showing three of Alexanders foundations.The 1578 world map which Mercator constructed from Ptolemy's map shows the city some distance to the north of the Zaranji lakes.References[edit]Jump up ^ Edward James Rapson, The Cambridge History of India, Volume 1. 1955 Cambridge University Press. Page 380Jump up ^ Caii Plinii secundi Naturalis historiae libri XXXVII interpretatione et notis illustravit Joannes Harduinus in usum Delphini Jean Hardouin, Pline l'Ancien, Hardouin page 698.Jump up ^ Ralph Griffiths, George Edward Griffiths The Monthly Review May 1749-Sept. 1803 Page 514Jump up ^ Strabo, 11.8 & 15.2.Jump up ^ Pliny Naturalis Historia 6.61Jump up ^ Ammianus Marcellinus 13.6.Jump up ^ Isidore of Charax, Parthian Stations (Itinerarium) 17.Jump up ^ Pseudo-Plutarch De Alex.Jump up ^ Caii Plinii secundi Naturalis historiae libri XXXVII interpretatione et notis illustravit Joannes Harduinus in usum Delphini Jean Hardouin, Pline l'Ancien, Hardouin page 698.Jump up ^ Ralph Griffiths, George Edward Griffiths The Monthly Review May 1749-Sept. 1803 Page 514Jump up ^ Isidore of Charax, The Parthian Stations 17.Jump up ^ Pliny XI 61.Jump up ^ Strabo XI 514.Jump up ^ Alexandria at Encyclopedia Iranica.com.

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