Settlements > Alexandria in Orietai

Alexandria in Orietai

Alexander the Great - Dove Decoration

Background

Alexandria in Orietai was one of the seventy-plus cities founded or renamed by Alexander the Great.[1]The town was founded by Alexander in autumn of 325 after his army had separated from Nearchus and the boats near the mouth of the Indus River. The sources agree that a town was built among the Oreitians, that the fortification was left to Hephaestion[2] and Leonnatus be built in the autumn of 325 and that it was located near Rhambacia, the largest town of the Oreitai.[3][4][5] The core of colonists were retired Arachosian horsemen.Alexander probably intended the new town to be an emporium controlling the local and Indian spice trade through the passes to Kandahar. The area certainly had exotic resources for trade. Written four centuries later the Roman Periplus of the Erythraean Sea says that this area "yields much wheat, wine, rice and dates but along the coast there is nothing but Bdellium".[6]Cities of Alexander in IndiaContents [hide]1Location2Further reading3See also4ReferencesLocation[edit]The exact site of the city in Balochistan, Pakistan is still unknown but several locations have been proposed:Stein locates it near modern Bela, Pakistan and this remains the most popular site.Diodorus, however, says it was on the coast.[7] Although it is uncertain the extent to which the coast has changed in  2 1⁄2 millennia.Tarn, however, thinks no city was built here due to a lack of Greek artefacts in the area.[8]Further reading[edit]John Rooke, Arrian's History of the expedition of Alexander the Great: and conquest of Persia, J. Davis, 1813Nigel Cawthorne, Alexander the Great, Haus Publishing, 2004Waldemar Heckel; The wars of Alexander the Great, 336-323 B.C, Taylor & Francis, 2003James S. Romm, Pamela Mensch, Arrian, Alexander the Great, Hackett Publishing.See also[edit]Bela, PakistanReferences[edit]Jump up ^ Edward James Rapson, The Cambridge History of India, Volume 1. 1955 Cambridge University Press. Page 380Jump up ^ The Campaigns of Alexander By Arrian(google ebook) Penguin UK 2003 page 331Jump up ^ Diodorus 17.104.4-8Jump up ^ Quintus Curtius 9.10.5-7Jump up ^ Arrian Anabais 6.21.3-6Jump up ^ Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, Chapter 38Jump up ^ Diodorus 17.104.8Jump up ^ Alexander among the Orietia, Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschicht 4th Qtr., 1972

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Sources

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