Satrapies > Satrapy of Media

Satrapy of Media

Background

Under Persian rule, the country was divided into two satrapies: the south, with Ecbatana and Rhagae (Rey near modern Tehran), Media proper, or Greater Media, as it is often called, formed in Darius I the Great's organization the eleventh satrapy,[8] together with the Paricanians and Orthocorybantians; the north, the district of Matiane, together with the mountainous districts of the Zagros and Assyria proper (east of the Tigris) was united with the Alarodians and Saspirians in eastern Armenia, and formed the eighteenth satrapy.[9]Caucasian Albania (roughly comprising modern-day Azerbaijan and southern Dagestan) was rapidly incorporated by the Achaemenid Persians and were under the command of the satrapy of Media[10][11] in the later period.When the Persian empire decayed and the Cadusii and other mountainous tribes made themselves independent, eastern Armenia became a special satrapy, while Assyria seems to have been united with Media; therefore Xenophon in the Anabasis always designates Assyria by the name of "Media".[7]

Satrapies

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Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

Jump up ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Online Media (ancient region, Iran)Jump up ^ Bruno Jacobs, "ACHAEMENID RULE IN Caucasus" in Encyclopædia Iranica. January 9, 2006. Excerpt: "Achaemenid rule in the Caucasus region was established, at the latest, in the course of the Scythian campaign of Darius I in 513-12 BCE. The Persian domination of the cis-Caucasian area (the northern side of the range) was brief, and archeological findings indicate that the Great Caucasus formed the northern border of the empire during most, if not all, of the Achaemenid period after Darius"Jump up ^ Briant, Pierre (2006). From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Eisenbrauns. p. 31.Jump up ^ Herodotus, The Histories, p. 93.Jump up ^ Xenophon, Hellen. 2, 19Jump up ^ Rudiger Schmitt, "Cadusii" in Encyclopedia Iranica^ Jump up to: a b Wikisource-logo.svg Meyer, Eduard (1911). "Media". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 21.Jump up ^ Herodotus iii. 92Jump up ^ Herod. iii. 94; cf. v. 49, 52, VII. 72Jump up ^ Chaumont, M. L. Albania. Encyclopædia Iranica.Jump up ^ Bruno Jacobs, "ACHAEMENID RULE IN Caucasus" in Encyclopædia Iranica. January 9, 2006. Excerpt: "Achaemenid rule in the Caucasus region was established, at the latest, in the course of the Scythian campaign of Darius I in 513-12 BCE. The Persian domination of the cis-Caucasian area (the northern side of the range) was brief, and archeological findings indicate that the Great Caucasus formed the northern border of the empire during most, if not all, of the Achaemenid period after Darius"Jump up ^ Polybius, x. 27Jump up ^ Strabo, xi. 524Jump up ^ Justin xli. 6Jump up ^ Strabo xi. 524Jump up ^ Isidorus Charac.Notes[edit]Jump up ^ A)"..and the Medes (Iranians of what is now north-west Iran).." EIEC (1997:30). B) "Archaeological evidence for the religion of the Iranian-speaking Medes of the .." (Diakonoff 1985, p. 140). C) ".. succeeded in uniting into a kingdom the many Iranian-speaking Median tribes" ( from Encyclopædia Britannica [1]). D) "Proto-Iranian split into Western (Median, ancient Persian, and others) and Eastern (Scythian, Ossetic, Saka, Pamir and others)..." (Kuz'mina, Elena E. (2007), The origin of the Indo-Iranians, J. P. Mallory (ed.), BRILL, p. 303, ISBN 978-90-04-16054-5) ...[show] v t eProvinces of the Achaemenid Empire(Behistun / Persepolis / Naqsh-e Rustam / Susa / Daiva inscriptions)
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