People > Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes

Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes

Background

Seleucus VII Philometor, also known in Greek as Σέλευκος Ζ΄ was a leader of the Seleucid Empire and one of the final leaders during the collapse. He was given the name Kybiosaktes which is a deregatory term for the horrible smelling work of cutting tuna fish. He is known for going to the Ptolemaic Kingdom and marrying the Ptolemaic queen Berenice VI. However, due to a lack of manners he would later be strangled to death by Berenice.

Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes, also known as Seleucus VII Philometor, was a Hellenistic ruler who briefly reigned as king of the Seleucid Empire. His reign was marked by internal turmoil and conflicts within the Seleucid royal family, as well as challenges to Seleucid authority from rival powers in the region. Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes was born into the Seleucid dynasty, which ruled over a vast empire encompassing territories in Asia Minor, Syria, Mesopotamia, and parts of Iran and Central Asia. He was the son of King Antiochus IX Cyzicenus and his wife Cleopatra IV of Egypt, and he ascended to the throne of the Seleucid Empire following the death of his father.

Reign and Challenges:

Seleucus VII inherited a troubled empire plagued by internal divisions and rival claimants to the Seleucid throne. His reign was marked by conflicts with rival factions within the Seleucid royal family, particularly his cousin Antiochus X Eusebes, who also laid claim to the Seleucid throne. Additionally, Seleucus VII faced external threats from neighboring powers, including the expanding Roman Republic and the rising Parthian Empire in the east. These external pressures further weakened Seleucid authority and contributed to the decline of the empire.

Civil War and Death:

The power struggle between Seleucus VII and his cousin Antiochus X Eusebes escalated into a protracted civil war that ravaged the Seleucid Empire and further weakened its central authority. Seleucus VII's reign came to an end when he was killed, possibly in battle or as a result of assassination attempts by his rival Antiochus X Eusebes. His death marked a turning point in the struggle for control of the Seleucid Empire and set the stage for further conflicts and instability within the region.

Legacy:

Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes' brief and tumultuous reign contributed to the ongoing decline of the Seleucid Empire and the fragmentation of its territories.His inability to assert control over his realm and overcome internal divisions weakened Seleucid authority and hastened the collapse of the empire in the following decades. Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes' reign exemplifies the challenges faced by the later Seleucid rulers as they struggled to maintain control over their vast and diverse empire amidst internal strife and external pressures. His brief and troubled reign underscored the declining power and influence of the Seleucid Empire during the Hellenistic period.

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