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Cleopatra VI

Background

Cleopatra VI Tryphaena (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Τρύφαινα) was an Egyptian Ptolemaic queen. She may be identical with Cleopatra V.There were at least two, perhaps three Ptolemaic women called Cleopatra Tryphaena:Contents [hide]1Tryphaena, daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III2Cleopatra V Tryphaena, wife of Ptolemy XII Auletes3Cleopatra Tryphaena, daughter of Cleopatra V and Ptolemy XII Auletes4References5External linksTryphaena, daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III[edit]Tryphaena was a sister of Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Ptolemy X Alexander I, Cleopatra IV and Cleopatra Selene I.[1][2] If this Tryphaena also bore the name Cleopatra, has not been attested. This Tryphaena may have been born in early 140 or 141 BC. She married Antiochus VIII Grypus, king of Syria, in 124 BC, and bore him five sons: Seleucus VI Epiphanes, the twin Antiochus XI Epiphanes and Philip I Philadelphus, Demetrius III Eucaerus, and Antiochus XII Dionysus. The couple also had a daughter called Laodice. Tryphaena was killed in Antioch (Greek: Αντιόχεια), capital of Syria, by Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, as a revenge for his own wife's (Cleopatra IV) death by the orders of her sister Tryphaena (in 111 BC).[3]Cleopatra V Tryphaena, wife of Ptolemy XII Auletes[edit]Cleopatra V Tryphaena was a Queen of Egypt until her mysterious disappearance from the records in 69 BC. If, as some scholars believe, her disappearance is attributable to her death, then it must be assumed that she had a daughter also called Cleopatra Tryphaena.[1]Cleopatra Tryphaena, daughter of Cleopatra V and Ptolemy XII Auletes[edit]She is called Cleopatra VI Tryphaena by some modern historians[4] and she would have been an older sister of the famous Cleopatra VII.[1] If so, her birth year would correctly be c. 75 BC. Some sources say she died as a child.[5] Others say that when Ptolemy XII fled to Rome to avoid an uprising in Alexandria against him (in 58 BC), she and her sister Berenice IV took control of Ptolemaic Egypt.[6][7] Strabo, however, states that Ptolemy had three daughters, of whom only the eldest (Berenice) was legitimate.[8] This suggests that the Cleopatra Tryphaena referred to by Porphyry may have been Ptolemy's wife, not his daughter. Many experts now identify Cleopatra VI with Cleopatra V of Egypt, Ptolemy's wife.[4]References[edit]^ Jump up to: a b c Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2004. ISBN 0-500-05128-3Jump up ^ Brian Kritt (April 2002), "Numismatic Evidence for a New Seleucid King: Seleucus (VII) Philometor", The Celator, 16 (4).Jump up ^ Justin, Epitoma historiarum Philippicarum Pompei Trogi, pp. 39.2.3, 39.3.4–12, our only source for these events.^ Jump up to: a b Tyldesley, Joyce (2006), Thames & Hudson, p. 200, ISBN 0-500-05145-3.Jump up ^ "Cleopatra Study Guide". About.com. Retrieved 2007-04-04.Jump up ^ Porphyry, cited by Felix Jacoby, Fragmente der griechischen Historiker, no. 260 F 2, 14Jump up ^ Eusebius of Caesarea, Chronicle, Schoene, p. 167.Jump up ^ Strabo, Geographica, University of Chicago, p. 17.1.11.External links[edit] Media related to Cleopatra VI at Wikimedia CommonsCleopatra VI of EgyptPtolemaic dynastyBorn: ca. 75 BC Died: 57 BCRegnal titlesPreceded byPtolemy XIIPharaoh of Egypt58 BC-57 BCwith Berenice IVSucceeded byBerenice IV

Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt

KingTitleMeaningReignWife/Co-RulerReign
Ptolemy ISoterSavior305-285 BCEBerenice IReign
Ptolemy IIPhiladelphusSister-loving285-246 BCEArsinoe IReign
Ptolemy IIIEuergetes IThe Benefactor246-221 BCEBerenice IIReign
Ptolemy IVPhilopaterFather-loving221-204 BCEArsinoe IIIReign
Ptolemy VEpiphanesThe Illustrious204-180 BCEReign
Ptolemy VIPhilometorMother-loving180-145 BCECleopatra I
Cleopatra II & Ptolemy VIII
Ptolemy Eupator
180–176 BCE
170–163 BCE
153–150 BCE
Ptolemy VIINeos PhilopatorFather-loving145 BCECleopatra IIReign
Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes IIThe Benefactor170–116 BCECleopatra II145–131/130 BCE
Cleopatra II124–116 BCE
Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes IIThe Benefactor170–116 BCECleopatra II124–116 BCE
Ptolemy IXSoter IIThe Savior116-107 BCECleopatra III107–101 BCE
Ptolemy XAlexander I107-88 BCECleopatra III107–101 BCE
Ptolemy IXSoter IIThe Savior88-80 BCE
Ptolemy XIAlexander II80 BCEBerenice III80 BCE
Ptolemy XIIINeos Dionysos/AuletesNew Dionysus/Flute Player80–51 BCEBerenice IV58–55 BCE
Cleopatra VII51-30 BCEReign
Ptolemy XIII PhysconDionysos51-47 BCEReign
Ptolemy XIVPhilopatorFather-loving47-44 BCEReign
Ptolemy XVCaesarionLittle Caesar44-30 BCEReign

Sources

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