Alexander's Campaign > Siege of Massaga

Siege of Massaga

Alexander the Great - Dove Decoration


The Siege of Massaga was a significant military engagement during Alexander the Great's campaign in the Indian subcontinent in 326 BC. After defeating King Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes River in 326 BC, Alexander the Great continued his eastward march into the territories of the Indian subcontinent. One of the major obstacles in Alexander's path was the stronghold of Massaga, located in present-day Pakistan.

Massaga's Defenses:

Massaga was situated on a steep hill, making it a natural fortress that was difficult to assail. The town was fortified with walls and defenses, and its elevated position provided a strategic advantage to its defenders. Upon approaching Massaga, Alexander encountered fierce resistance from the defenders, who were determined to repel his advance. Aware of the fortress's formidable defenses, Alexander devised a strategy to besiege and capture Massaga.

The Siege:

Alexander began the siege by surrounding Massaga with his army and cutting off its supply lines, effectively isolating the fortress.Despite the difficult terrain and the determined resistance of the defenders, Alexander's forces gradually advanced and erected siege engines to breach the walls of Massaga. The siege lasted for several days, with both sides sustaining casualties in the fierce fighting.

Despite the formidable defenses of Massaga, Alexander's forces eventually succeeded in breaching the walls and overwhelming the defenders.The Macedonians stormed into the fortress, engaging in hand-to-hand combat with the defenders. The defenders of Massaga fought valiantly but were ultimately unable to withstand the onslaught of Alexander's forces.


The capture of Massaga was a significant victory for Alexander, as it removed a key obstacle in his campaign to conquer the Indian subcontinent. The fall of Massaga demonstrated Alexander's military prowess and determination to overcome even the most formidable defenses.The conquest of Massaga further solidified Alexander's control over the region and paved the way for his subsequent campaigns in the Indian subcontinent. Overall, the Siege of Massaga was a pivotal moment in Alexander the Great's conquest of the Indian subcontinent, showcasing his strategic brilliance and the effectiveness of his military tactics in overcoming even the most challenging obstacles.

Alexander's Campaign

Balkan Campaign

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Persian Campaign

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Indian Campaign

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Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

Abbott, J. (1848). Alexander the Great. New York & London: Harper & Brothers

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