Wars of the Diadochi > Partition of Salamis (306 BC)

Partition of Salamis (306 BC)

Alexander the Great - Dove Decoration


The Partition of Salamis in 306 BC was a significant event that occurred during the early stages of the Wars of the Diadochi, a series of conflicts among the successors of Alexander the Great following his death in 323 BC. The partition involved the division of territories and the establishment of spheres of influence among the Diadochi, particularly between Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt and Demetrius I Poliorcetes of Macedon.

After the death of Alexander the Great, his vast empire fragmented into several successor states, each ruled by one of his generals, known as the Diadochi. One of the most powerful Diadochi was Ptolemy I Soter, who established the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt. Another prominent figure was Demetrius I Poliorcetes, son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, who sought to expand his father's territories in Asia Minor and Greece.

Strategic Importance of Salamis:

Salamis, located on the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean, was strategically significant due to its natural harbors, naval resources, and proximity to key trade routes. Control of Salamis provided access to valuable maritime trade networks and allowed for the projection of naval power throughout the eastern Mediterranean.

Rivalry between Ptolemy and Demetrius:

Ptolemy I Soter and Demetrius I Poliorcetes were both ambitious rulers who sought to expand their influence and territories at the expense of their rivals. Cyprus, with its strategic position and wealth, became a focal point of contention between Ptolemy and Demetrius, leading to tensions and conflicts between their respective forces.

Partition Agreement:

In 306 BC, following negotiations between Ptolemy and Demetrius, a partition agreement was reached regarding the division of Cyprus and other territories. According to the agreement, Ptolemy was granted control of the city of Salamis and the eastern part of Cyprus, while Demetrius retained authority over the western part of the island.


After the partition agreement was finalized, Ptolemy dispatched his forces to occupy Salamis and consolidate his control over the city and surrounding areas. Demetrius, although initially displeased with the division of Cyprus, acquiesced to the agreement and focused his efforts on consolidating his power in other regions of his realm.


The Partition of Salamis marked a temporary resolution to the rivalry between Ptolemy and Demetrius, allowing both rulers to focus on consolidating their respective territories and expanding their influence in the wider Mediterranean world. However, the peace between Ptolemy and Demetrius proved short-lived, as conflicts and power struggles continued to erupt between the Diadochi in the years that followed, ultimately leading to further wars and instability in the Hellenistic world. Overall, the Partition of Salamis was a significant event in the early stages of the Wars of the Diadochi, shaping the balance of power among the successor states and influencing the course of events in the eastern Mediterranean.


Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

Sabalico Logo
Sabalytics Logo
Senty Logo
SEO Guide Logo
World Map Logo
rStatistics Logo
Day Map Logo
Time Zone Logo
Galaxy View Logo
Periodic Table Logo
My Location Logo
Weather Track Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website Tools Logo
Image Tools Logo
Color Tools Logo
Text Tools Logo
Finance Tools Logo
File Tools Logo
Data Tools Logo
History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Golden Age of Piracy Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo