Wars of the Diadochi > Battle of Rhamnus

Battle of Rhamnus

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Background

The Battle of Rhamnus was a battle of the Lamian War (323-322 BC) fought between the Greek allies rebelled against the Macedonian Empire, and Leonnatus, the Macedonian satrap of Phrygia who had come to aid the regent Antipater who was being besieged by the Greeks in Lamia. The Greeks defeated the Macedonians.The Greeks, hearing news of Leonnatus's advance, lifted the siege of Lamia and detached their baggage train and camp followers to Melitia and advanced with their army hurried to defeat Leonnatus before Antipater's forces could join him.[2] The Greeks and Macedonian armies were equal in number but the Greeks' 3,500 horsemen, including an elite 2,000 Thessalians commanded by Menon, against the Macedonians' 1,500 horse gave the advantage of mobility to the Greeks.The battle began and though the Macedonian phalanx gained the advantage everywhere,[2] the Thessalians drove off the Macedonian cavalry and Leonnatus was carried from the battlefield already mortally wounded.[2] After their cavalry was drove back the unsupported Macedonian Phalanx retreated from the plain to a difficult terrain where the enemy cavalry couldn't pursue them.[2]The next day Antipater arrived at the field and joined with the defeated army. He decided not to fight the Greeks yet, in view of their superior cavalry, and instead retreated through the rough terrain.[2]References[edit]Jump up ^ Siculus, Diodorus. "14". Library. XVIII.^ Jump up to: a b c d e Siculus, Diodorus. "15". Library. XVIII.Date322 BCLocationRhamnus, ThessalyResultGreek victoryBelligerentsGreek alliesMacedonCommanders and leadersAntiphilusLeonnatus †Strength22,000 infantry3,500 cavalry20,000 infantry1,500 cavalry[1]

Lamian War

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