Wars of the Diadochi > Syrian Wars > Battle of Andros

Battle of Andros

Alexander the Great - Dove Decoration

Background

The Battle of Andros (246/245 BCE) was a naval battle that occurred as part of the Third Syrian War between the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Macedon. The Ptolemaic fleet vastly outnumbered the Macedonian fleet and was commanded by Sophron of Ephesus. However, even with greater numbers the Ptolemies would lose to the fleet commanded by Antigonus II Gonatas. Not much is known about actual details of the battle itself.

The actual date of the battle is uncertain with historians believing it occurred between 246 BCE and 245 BCE. One of the Ptolemaic captains named Ptolemy Andromachou who was an illegitimate half-brother of king Ptolemy III Euergetes of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt would have his ship destroyed and lose his crew, himself barely escaping to Ephesus. The battle would see the loss of Ptolemaic hegemony over the Nesiotic League.

Battle of AndrosPart of Third Syrian WarDate246 BCLocationAndrosResultAntigonid victoryBelligerentsAntigonid MacedonPtolemaic KingdomCommanders and leadersAntigonus II GonatasSophron of EphesusPtolemy AndromachouStrengthnumerically inferiornumerically superior[hide] v t eSyrian WarsCos Andros Raphia Panium Antioch

Syrian Wars Battles

Sources

Reger, Gary (1994). "The Political History of the Kyklades 260–200 B.C.". Historia. 43 (1): 33. ISSN 0018-2311.Jump up ^ Morkot, Robert (2003). Historical Dictionary of Ancient Egyptian Warfare. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. p. 18.

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