People > Macedonian People

Macedonian People

Background

This is a list of the Ancient Macedonians of Greece (Greek: Μακεδόνες, Makedónes).Contents [hide]1Mythology2Kings2.1Argead Dynasty2.2Antipatrid Dynasty2.3Antigonid Dynasty2.4Non-Dynastic Kings2.5Antipatrid Dynasty2.6Antigonid Dynasty2.7Non-Dynastic Kings2.8Antigonid Dynasty2.9Non-Dynastic Kings3Military personnel3.1High generals3.1.1Somatophylakes3.2Cavalry3.2.1Hipparchoi3.3Infantry3.3.1Taxiarchs of Pezhetairoi3.4Navy3.4.1Navarchoi3.4.1.1Trierarchs of Nearchus3.5Various4Civilization4.1Athletes4.2Writers4.3Scientists4.4Artists4.5Priests4.6Theorodokoi4.7Naopoioi4.8Women5See also6ReferencesMythology[edit]MakednosKings[edit]Argead Dynasty[edit]Karanus Κάρανος 808–778 BCKoinos Κοινός 778–750 BCTyrimmas Τυρίμμας 750-700 BCPerdiccas I Περδίκκας Αʹ 700–678 BCArgaeus I Ἀργαῖος Αʹ 678–640 BCPhilip I Φίλιππος Αʹ 640–602 BCAeropus I Ἀέροπος Αʹ 602–576 BCAlcetas I Ἀλκέτας Αʹ 576–547 BCAmyntas I Ἀμύντας Αʹ 547–498 BCAlexander I Ἀλέξανδρος Αʹ 498–454 BCAlcetas II Ἀλκέτας Βʹ 454–448 BCPerdiccas II Περδίκκας Βʹ 448–413 BCArchelaus Ἀρχέλαος Αʹ 413–399 BCCraterus Κρατερός 399 BCOrestes Ὀρέστης and Aeropus II Ἀέροπος Βʹ 399–396 BCArchelaus II Ἀρχέλαος Βʹ 396–393 BCAmyntas II Ἀμύντας Βʹ 393 BCPausanias Παυσανίας 393 BCAmyntas III Ἀμύντας Γʹ 393 BCArgaeus II Ἀργαῖος Βʹ 393–392 BCAmyntas III Ἀμύντας Γʹ 392–370 BCAlexander II Ἀλέξανδρος Βʹ 370–368 BCPerdiccas III Περδίκκας Γʹ 368–359 BCPtolemy of Aloros Πτολεμαῖος Αʹ, Regent of Macedon 368–365 BCAmyntas IV Ἀμύντας Δʹ 359–356 BCPhilip II Φίλιππος Βʹ 359–336 BCAlexander III, the Great Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας 336–323 BCAntipater Ἀντίπατρος, Regent of Macedon 334–323 BCPhilip III Arrhidaeus Φίλιππος Γʹ 323–317 BC and Alexander IV Ἀλέξανδρος Δʹ 323–310 BC[1]Perdiccas Περδίκκας, Regent of the Macedon Empire 323–321 BC[2]Antipater Ἀντίπατρος, Regent of the Macedon Empire 321–319 BCPolyperchon Πολυπέρχων, Regent of the Macedon Empire 319–317 BCCassander Κάσανδρος, Regent of Macedon 317–305 BCAntipatrid Dynasty[edit]Cassander Κάσανδρος 305–297 BCPhilip IV Φίλιππος Δʹ 297 BCAlexander V Αλέξανδρος Ε' and Antipater II Αντίπατρος Β' 297–294 BCAntigonid Dynasty[edit]Demetrius I Poliorcetes Δημήτριος ο Πολιορκητής 306–286 BC[3]Non-Dynastic Kings[edit]Lysimachus Λυσίμαχος 286–281 BC and Pyrrhus of Epirus Πύρρος της Ηπείρου 286–285 BCPtolemy Keraunos Πτολεμαίος Κεραυνός 281–279 BCMeleager Μελέαγρος 279 BCAntipatrid Dynasty[edit]Antipater Etesias Ἀντίπατρος Ετησίας 279 BCSosthenes Σωσθένης 279–276 BCAntigonid Dynasty[edit]Antigonus II Gonatas Αντίγονος Β' Γονατάς 276–274 BC[4]Non-Dynastic Kings[edit]Pyrrhus of Epirus Πύρρος της Ηπείρου 274–272 BCAntigonid Dynasty[edit]Antigonus II Gonatas Αντίγονος Β' Γονατάς 272–239 BCDemetrius II Aetolicus Δημήτριος Β' Αιτωλικός 239–229 BCAntigonus III Doson Αντίγονος Γ' 229–221 BCPhilip V Φίλιππος Ε' 221–179 BCPerseus Περσέας 179–167 BCNon-Dynastic Kings[edit]Andriscus (or Pseudo-Philip VI) Ἀνδρίσκος 150-148 BCPseudo-Alexander, 148 BCPseudo-Philip VII, 143/142 BCMilitary personnel[edit]High generals[edit]Parmenion – Strategos of Philip and Alexander and commander of pharsalian squadronAttalus strategos of Philip and early taxiarch of AlexanderHephaestion – Chiliarch (after 327 BC)Perdiccas – Chiliarch (after 324 BC)Seleucus I Nicator – Chiliarch (after 323 BC)Somatophylakes[edit]Aristonous of PellaArybbas (somatophylax)BalacrusDemetrius (somatophylax)HephaestionLeonnatusLysimachusMenes of PellaPausanias of Orestis Philip'sPeithonPeucestasPtolemy (somatophylax)Ptolemy (son of Seleucus)Ptolemy I SoterCavalry[edit]Hipparchoi[edit]Philotas (after 330 BC, Cleitus the Black, Coenus, Hephaestion, Craterus, Perdiccas, Cleitus the White) leaders of Hetairoi (1800 horses)Cleitus the Black, Royal cavalrySopolis, cavalry of AmphipolisHeraclides (son of Antiochus), cavalry of BottiaeaPeroidas cavalry of AnthemusSocrates cavalry of ApolloniaPantordanus cavalry of LeugaeaHegelochus, (later Amyntas (son of Arrhabaeus), Protomachus, Aretes), Prodromoi, light cavalry (600 horses)Calas, Alexander of Lyncestis, Philip, Polydamas, Parmenion–Thessalian cavalry (1800 horses)Philip (son of Menelaus) (after 331 BC, Erigyius), other allied Greeks (600 horses)Agathon (son of Tyrimmas), (later Ariston of Paionia) Thracian cavalry (900 horses) *Total: 5700 horses in 333 BCDemetrius (son of Althaemenes), Glaucias, Meleager, mentioned in the Battle of GaugamelaInfantry[edit]Taxiarchs of Pezhetairoi[edit]Nicanor (son of Parmenion) 334 BC leader of Royal Agema and Hypaspists (succeeded by Neoptolemus (general))AlcetasAmyntas 334 BCAntigenesAntigonus I Monophthalmus 334 BCAttalus (general) 334 BCAttalus (son of Andromenes from Stympha)Clitus the WhiteCoenus 334 BCCraterus 334 BCGorgiasMeleager (general) 334 BCMenander (general) 334 BCPeithon, son of AgenorPerdiccas 334 BCPhilip (son of Amyntas) 334 BCPhilotas (satrap)PolyperchonPtolemy (son of Seleucus)Ptolemy I Soter 334 BCSimmiasNavy[edit]Navarchoi[edit]ProteasHegelochusAmphoterusNearchusTrierarchs of Nearchus[edit]Archon of PellaArchias of PellaAristonous of PellaAsclepiodorusCraterusDemonicus of PellaHephaestionLeonnatusLysimachusMetronMylleasNicarchidesOphellasPantauchusPeithonPerdiccasPeucestasPtolemy I SoterTimanthes of PellaVarious[edit]Agathon brother of ParmenionArrhidaeusAsanderCaranus hetairosCoragusDerdasEudemus (general)HarpalusIollasLagusMenedemus (general)Menelaus (son of Lagus)Nicanor (Antipatrid general)Nicanor (father of Balacrus)Nicanor (Ptolemaic general)Nicanor the ElephantPhilip (son of Antigonus)Philip (son of Antipater)Philip (son of Machatas)Philoxenus (general)Polemon (general) son of AndromenesPtolemy (general) nephew of AntigonusTeutamusTlepolemus (son of Pythophanes)Civilization[edit]Athletes[edit]Alexander I of Macedon 504 or 500 BC[5] Stadion 2nd Olympics [6]c. 430–420 BC Argive Heraean games[7]Archelaos Perdikas 408 BC Tethrippon in Olympic and Pythian GamesPhilip II of Macedon (Thrice Olympic Winner), 356 BC Horse Race, 352 BC Tethrippon, 348 BC two-colt chariot, Synoris344 BC Tethrippon Panathenaics[8]Archon of Pella 334-332 BC Horse race Isthmian and Pythian GamesAntigonus (son of Callas) 332-331 BC Hoplitodromos Heraclean games in Tyrus, after the Conquest of the cityMalacus Μάλακος 329/328 BC Dolichos Amphiarian games[9]Criton or Cliton[10] 328 BC Stadion OlympicsDamasias of Amphipolis 320 BC Stadion Olympics[10]Lagus (son of Ptolemeus) Λᾶγος 308 BC Synoris Arcadian LykaiaEpaenetus (son of Silanus) Ἐπαίνετος 308 BC Tethrippon LykaiaHeraclitus Ἡράκλειτος 304 BC stadion Lykaia[11]Bubalus of Cassandreia Βούβαλος 304 BC keles (horse) flat race LykaiaLampos of Philippi 304 BC Tethrippon Olympics[12]Antigonus 292 and 288 BC Stadion Olympics[10]Seleucus 268 BC Stadion Olympics[10]Belistiche 264 BC Tethrippon and Synoris OlympicsApollodorus (runner) (1st century BC) OlympicsHorse race Olympic Victors as recorded in recent discovered epigrams of Posidippus of Pella (c. 3rd century BC)[13]Ptolemy I SoterPtolemy II PhiladelphusArsinoe IArsinoe IIBerenice PhernophorusBerenice IICleopatra IIEtearchus ἘτέαρχοςMolycus ΜόλυκοςPlangon Πλαγγών womanTrygaios ΤρυγαῖοςWriters[edit]Adaios (c. 450 BC) epigrammatic poetAntipater (c. 397 BC — 319 BC) Illyrian WarsPtolemy I Soter (367 BC—283 BC) patron of letters, historian of Alexander's campaignAlexander the Great (356–323 BC) epistolist, rhetor quotesAlexarchus, scholar, conlangerLeon of Pella (4th-century BC) historian On the Gods in EgyptMarsyas of Pella (356- 294) historianMarsyas of Philippi (3rd century BC) historianHippolochus (early 3rd century BC) description of a Macedonian wedding feastPoseidippus of Cassandreia (c. 288 BC) comic poetPoseidippus of Pella (c. 280 BC – 240 BC) epigrammatic poetAmerias (3rd century BC) lexicographerCraterus (historian) (3rd century BC) anthologist, compiler of historical documents relative to the history of AtticaOikiades (son of Nikandros) from Cassandreia Tragoedus winner in Soteria (festival) 272 BC[14]Ptolemy IV Philopator, wrote a tragedy entitled Adonis, and presumably played the lead.Hermagoras of Amphipolis (c. 225 BC), stoic philosopherSamus (son of Chrysogonus), (late 3rd century BC)[6]Craterus of Amphipolis (c. 100-30 BC) Rhapsode winner in Amphiarian games[15]Phaedrus of Pieria (c. 15 BC – c. 50 AD) fabulistAntipater of Thessalonica (late 1st century BC) epigrammatic poet and governor of the cityPhilippus of Thessalonica (late 1st century AD) epigrammatic poet and compiler of the Greek AnthologyEpigonus of ThessalonicaPerses epigrammatistArchias, epigrammatistAntiphanes (late 1st century AD), epigrammatistParmenion (late 1st century AD), epigrammatistPolyaenus, (2nd century AD) military writerCriton of Pieria (2nd century AD) historianStobaeus (5th century AD) anthologist of Greek authorsMacedonius of Thessalonica (the Consul), (6th century AD), epigrammatist of Greek AnthologyScientists[edit]Poseidonius, mechanician[16]Pyrrhus mechanicianDemetrius I Poliorcetes, mechanicianArchias of Pella, geographer under NearchusParmenion (architect)Patrocles (geographer)Artists[edit]Pamphilus (painter), teacher of Apelles (4th century BC)Parmeniskos group potters (3rd century BC)Aetion of Amphipolis, sculptorErginus (son of Simylus) from Cassandreia citharede winner in Soteria (festival) c. 260 BC[17]_ (son of Callistratus) from Philippi Dancer winner in Soteria (festival) c. 250 BC[18]Heraclides (painter) (2nd century BC) marine painterHerophon (son of Anaxagoras) (2nd–1st centuries BC) sculptorEvander of Beroea (1st century AD) sculptorAdymus of Beroea (1st century AD) sculptorPriests[edit]Menelaus (son of Lagus)AgathanorTheorodokoi[edit]Perdiccas, possibly Perdiccas III of Macedon c. 365–311 BC Epidaurian[19][20]Pausanias of Kalindoia, possibly the same as Pausanias the pretender to the Macedonian throne in the 360s BCHadymos and Seleukos son of Argaios[21]Naopoioi[edit]Naopoios (Temple-builder), an elected Archon by Hieromnemones, responsible for restoring the temple of Apollo in DelphiPhilippus Φίλιππος ΜακεδώνTimanoridas (son of Cordypion) Τιμανορίδας Κορδυπίωνος Μακεδών c. 361–343 BC[22]Leon (son of Hegesander) Λέων Ἡγησάνδρου Μακεδών 331 BC[23]Women[edit]Arsinoe of Macedonia mother of Ptolemy I SoterBelistiche olympioniceCleopatra of Macedon sister of Alexander, wife of Alexander I of EpirusCleopatra Eurydice, niece of Attalus (general), and 5th wife of PhilipCynane half-sister of AlexanderEurydice of Egypt daughter of Antipater and wife of Ptolemy I SoterEurydice II of Macedon mother of PhilipEuridice III Adea, wife of Philip ArrhidaeusLanike sister of Clitus the Black and the nurse of AlexanderNicaea of Macedonia daughter of Antipater, wife of LysimachusNicesipolis wife of Philip, mother of ThessalonicaOlympias mother of AlexanderPhila, daughter of Antipater, wife of Demetrius Poliorcetes and mother of Antigonus II GonatasPhilinna of Larissa, wife of Philip, mother of Philip III of MacedonStratonice of Macedonia wife of Demetrius PoliorcetesThessalonica half-sister of Alexander, wife of CassanderOlympias II of Epirus, wife of Alexander II of EpirusSee also[edit]List of ancient Macedonians in epigraphyReferences[edit]Jump up ^ As part of the compromise in Babylon after Alexander the Great’s death, it was agreed that Philip would be joint king with Roxanne’s unborn child, should it prove to be male. Hence Philip was sole king for several months until Alexander IV was born, and Alexander too was sole king from Philip’s murder in 317 BC to his own death. Neither had any effective power during this period; Philip was mentally infirm and Alexander was under age.Jump up ^ Perdiccas (And his immediate Regency successors) did not take the title of Regent, (Epitropos) but instead styled himself 'Manager' (Epimelêtês), however his position was that of Regent in all but name.Jump up ^ Demetrius was proclaimed King in 306 BC with his father, but his reign in Macedonia only became effective after he ousted the Antipatrids in 294, and his power there ended after he was in turn expelled by Pyrrhus and Lysimachus in 286. His death in 283 is often given as marking the end of his reign.Jump up ^ Antigonus claimed the kingship upon his father's death in 283, but it was only effective after 276.Jump up ^ A History of Macedonia. Volume 2 Review: John ColeJump up ^ Justin – 7.2.14. (He contended for the prize in various species of exercises at the Olympics)Jump up ^ Thucydides and Pindar: Historical Narrative and the World of Epinikian Poetry [1] by Simon Hornblower – SEG 30:648Jump up ^ Aspects of Ancient Macedonian Costume [2]-Μακεδόνες και Παναθήναια [3], [4] -Epigraphical Database SEG 49:842, SEG 45:801Jump up ^ Boeotia — Amphiareion- Epigr. tou Oropou 520.10^ Jump up to: a b c d Chronicon (Eusebius)Jump up ^ Arkadia — Lykaion — IG V,2 550.17Jump up ^ Pausanias a Guide to Greece [5]Jump up ^ Posidippus, Epigrams www.chs.harvard.eduJump up ^ Phokis — Delphi Syll.³ 424.42Jump up ^ Boiotia — Oropos: Amphiareion — c. 80–50 BC Epigr. tou Oropou 528.12Jump up ^ Greek and Roman Siege Machinery 399 Bc-Ad 363 By Duncan B. CampbellJump up ^ Phokis — Delphi FD III 1:477.13Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi BCH 1928:259.26Jump up ^ Epidauros — c. 365–311 BC IG IV²,1 94 frg b.col I.1 -9Jump up ^ Martial, Buch VI: Ein Kommentar by Farouk GrewingJump up ^ Macedonian Institutions Under the Kings Page 211 By Miltiadēs V. Chatzopoulos ISBN 960-7094-89-1Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedon — FD III 5:19.74Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedon — FD III 5:58.29-30

Macedonian Kings

Philip II of Macedon

Alexander III the Great

Alexander IV of Macedon

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

History of Humanity - History Archive Logo
History of Humanity - History Mysteries Logo
History of Humanity - Ancient Mesopotamia Logo
History of Humanity - Egypt History Logo
History of Humanity - Persian Empire Logo
History of Humanity - Greek History Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Roman History Logo
History of Humanity - Punic Wars Logo
History of Humanity - Alexander the Great Logo
History of Humanity - Revolutionary War Logo
History of Humanity - Mafia History Logo

Warning: file_get_contents(https://framework.sabali.co/scripts/jquery.js): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found in /home/humanityhistory/public_html/addons/alexander-the-great.org/blueprint/templates/scripts.php on line 3

Warning: file_get_contents(https://framework.sabali.co/scripts/cover-header.js): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found in /home/humanityhistory/public_html/addons/alexander-the-great.org/blueprint/templates/scripts.php on line 4

Warning: file_get_contents(https://framework.sabali.co/scripts/magnify.js): failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found in /home/humanityhistory/public_html/addons/alexander-the-great.org/blueprint/templates/scripts.php on line 5